How to write an informative essay

How to write an informative essay

What Does An Informative Essay Look Like?

An informative essay is an academic paper with an aim to inform the target audience about a specific person, event, object, or phenomenon. It explains a specific topic in detail, and it often assumes that the target audience knows little to nothing about the topic at hand. As such, any jargon or professional terms that will be used throughout the essay will have to be defined unless the terms are widely-known. For instance, an informative essay whose audience is people who don’t have experience running a business might have to explain terms like ‘A/B testing,’ ‘customer research,’ and ‘target audience.’

While there are cases when the lecturer/instructor offers the student an informative essay topic to write on, the students might get to pick their own topics in other cases. The informative essay family is wide, and it includes essays like:

  • Cause-and-effect essay
  • Process essay
  • Persuasive essay
  • Descriptive essay
  • Problem/solution essay
  • Compare-and-contrast essay

Here’s is how to write an informative essay:

How Do You Write An Informative Text?

Picking informative essay topics

If the essay topic isn’t assigned, you will get to pick a topic by yourself. It is possible to end up with a variety of informative essay topics, but you can use a few tricks when choosing a topic:

  • Make sure the informative essay topics you choose from are neither too broad nor too narrow. While you need to collect enough information to start writing, what you write shouldn’t exceed the word count requirements.
  • The informative essay topics you choose from should be exciting and attractive to your audience. Factor in your target audience when picking a topic. In most cases, the primary audience will be your teacher. If an essay requires you to make a presentation, the chosen topic should target the entire class.
  • Ensure that the topic already interests you. Picking a topic that piques your interest will make your writing process stress-free while helping you express yourself better throughout the paper.

In case the essay needs to be presented in front of a class, you might need to choose something that will be interesting to a wide audience. It should also be easy to explain the topic through speech. While brainstorming may always help pick a great topic, doing some research will give you more ideas.

Researching the Informative Essay Topics

One thing you need to know as you learn how to write an informative essay is that the level of research you dived into will show in the quality of the paper. Research is as important as the writing part. It can help you pick a worthy topic, come up with the main points, and look for evidence to support your claims. Regardless of whether you want to write informative essay topics for college or high school, allowing enough time for research is essential. Rushing during crunch time will only lead to poor research. If your deadline allows it, start researching for the essay 3 days, 5 days, or even 10 days before the due date.

You should always start research by brainstorming ideas before you head online or to the library. Ensure that your research is within the confines of your essay topic. Dig deep when researching, and write small notes down. These notes should also include details about credible sources, including any study example that you can refer to once you begin writing.

Be careful with online research since some sources might not be as credible as needed. For instance, even though Wikipedia can help you form a strong background for your paper, anyone can edit it, which might reduce the credibility of this type of source. While high school teachers might not have a problem with this, it is better to be safe than sorry. Instead, look for your information from authoritative sources. You can find sites that contain academic resources that might be useful in your research.

What Is The Format For An Informative Essay?

When writing an informative essay, you will typically follow the standard essay writing style. This includes an introduction, 3 body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Here is a breakdown of the outline, and what every part entails:

1.     Introduction

An informative essay introduction is meant to grab the attention of the target audience. It should inform them about the background of the essay topic, and pave the way for the thesis statement as well as the rest of the essay information. You can start out your essay with a quote, a joke, anecdote, rhetorical question, or even facts and statistics. The goal is to demand the attention of the reader off the bat.

It is necessary for an introduction to end with a strong and clear thesis statement. The statement is meant to summarize the main points of the essay. It should elaborate on the paper’s purpose while raising the audience’s attention. A suitable thesis statement should, however, be precise and informative enough. It is always commendable to use the many informative essay examples to get an idea of how to best write a good thesis statement.

2.     Body Paragraphs

This part of the informative essay outline is meant to defend the thesis statement. Each body paragraph needs to start with a topic sentence. While the first topic sentence should create a smooth transition from the introduction to the first paragraph, the rest of the topic sentences should transition smoothly from the paragraphs that precede them. This ensures flow throughout the essay.

Each paragraph should get to deal with a single target point, which further supports the main point in the thesis statement. It should also include evidence from outside sources to support any claims made. When writing paragraphs for informational essays, you should consider following a step by step writing process: make a claim, present evidence for the claim, and provide an explanation.

You can reference evidence from journals, bibliographies, articles, or even magazines. While you should explain how the evidence relates to your claims, there are cases when the relationship between the evidence and the claims can be inferred without extra information.

When concluding the body paragraph, you must end with a sentence that gives a general synopsis or the argument. This sentence will display assertiveness that your opinion is the right one.

3.     Conclusion

Once you write an informative essay, use the conclusion to sum up the main points found in the paper. You should restate the thesis in the conclusion and offer your final thoughts or insights on the matter. Explain it using different words, and in a way that provides a smooth transition from the rest of the informational essay.

Be sure to briefly indicate the impact of your argument. Ideally, these restatements should match well with the arguments made throughout the paper. Last, you should come up with an overall concluding statement. It should explain why the details included in the informative essay are of value and how they might be applicable in the ‘real world.’ feel free to check out other informative essay examples for insights on how to write an informative essay conclusion.

Post-Writing To-Do List

Understanding how to create a first and final draft is essential when learning how to write an informative essay. Once you complete the first draft, there are a few things you can do to ensure that the assignment is remarkable and informative enough:

  • Check the paper for grammatical and spelling errors. Lecturer/ teachers hate having to pause in the middle of reading a paper due to grammar errors. Read through the paper and look for any issues. Consider reading the paper backward, starting with the conclusion, as this will help you avoid being distracted by the flow of the article.
  • Pay attention to the vocabulary used. The kind of vocabulary you use throughout your paper can draw the line between scoring high or low. Not only should you use words that relate to the issue, but you should also eliminate any words in your writing that do not make you seem like an expert on the issue.
  • Focus on the coherency of the assignment. How easily did you communicate your main ideas throughout your paper? As much as you want to prove that you are an expert, you should avoid opaque essay writing – including words and jargon that make your informative essays unnecessarily tough to read. Make sure that all words used throughout the assignment are contextually correct. The way paragraphs and ideas transition throughout the piece will also affect its coherency. Look for ways to refine the transition.
  • Go through the paper one last time. Reviewing your piece one last time will ensure you get to identify mistakes you might have missed the first time. You do not necessarily have to read through the paper immediately after the first revision. Consider allowing yourself 24 hours before you can read through it one last time. Take this time to fix small writing mistakes that might have slipped right through your fingers during the main revision.

Reach Out To Us for Any Help

Writing informative essays isn’t always easy. If you are struggling with essay writing, have a tight deadline, or simply want to get some help with an issue, you can always rely on any writer at We have a history of working until our essay pieces meet our client’s expectations. Simply contact us with any assignments on any subject to get our service. You will only need to provide us with the main idea of your writing assignment. Feel free to add new information as we work on your order.




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